Shoe construction techniques
Varying constructions for different types of shoes
Why are there so many different shoe models? The construction technique used by Sioux depends on what the shoe will be worn for and what the wearer requires from it. Because, ultimately, the shoe must have a perfect fit.
The so-called construction technique defines how the upper part of the shoe (shaft) and is connected with the sole.This is also known as assemblage.
The following parameters are critical in the choice of the construction technique: What should the shoe look like? How robust or flexible should the shoe be? Should the shoe be waterproof? A Sioux shoe combines look, craftsmanship, feel and material perfectly – these result in inimitable wearing properties. With dedication and passion to handcrafted detail, Sioux gives each shoe its distinctive character.
The art of shoemaking has accompanied mankind since time immemorial. It is a well-known fact that historians argue about which trade is the oldest in the world. We do not want to argue with other trades as to which industry was the first to be established. However, we insist that shoemaking goes back to very early times.
Hunters and gatherers originally wrapped skinned leather around their feet that was fixed by tendons or cords. Native Americans used this concept to develop the moccasins. Over the centuries, more construction techniques were developed – some of them have disappeared, some still exist. The most common thing concerning the construction technique is that the outsole and the upper are connected in a mechanical process – mostly by sewing or fastening with nails. Here it was all about the practical aspect. The ideal fit and maximum comfort were no issue at that time.
It was only in the course of the 19th century that new, more flexible construction techniques were developed (e.g. the California construction). These were followed by fixing methods that were established through new kinds of adhesives (AGO construction) in the 20th century.
All constructions have one in common: even today, shoemaking is a predominantly manual process that involves lots of craftmanship, a wealth of working steps and a wide range of materials and components.
It is our favourite as it is so comfortable to wear. The soft leather fits perfectly like a glove over the entire foot. Moccasins were originally worn by Native Americans. The moccasin can justifiably be described as mankind's most natural and original shoe. It has been treasured since living memory because it fits the foot individually and can also be worn barefoot. No other shoe earns the attribute: man's second skin.
The casual yet elegant men's shoe from Sioux. The San Crispino seam, which gives its name to this construction, has a sporty look and offers great flexibility. For the foot to be able to roll through softly in the shoe, the flexible insole should extend slightly above the last.
The construction technique of these shoes, which hails from the USA state of the same name, ensures that the wearer is light on his feet. The special textile midsole gives the shoe its comfortable cushioning. On the outside, the California shoe is characterised by its striking California stripe: A stripe of leather from the upper that is stitched around the lower shaft.
A mini revolution took place in 1911 when the Milan-based tanner Francesco Rampichini invented a new, permanent way of bonding leather. This light and shape-retentive construction method went down in the history of shoemaking as AGO (Another Great Opportunity).
The shoe is comfortable and flexible as well soft and light on the inside – just like a mocassin. When the Sacchetto technique is employed, the soft leather used for the lining is sewn together like a small sack (Ital.: sacchetto) and integrated into the upper. The supple leather cocoons the foot like a glove.